It's important for factories and other manufacturing related facilities to provide for industrial floor coatings. Floor coatings provide surface stability, environmental cleanliness as well as aesthetics. Safety is also an important factor in the need to have industrial floor coatings. Companies that provide for industrial floor coatings reduce the risk of accidents due to excess or lack of traction however after several decades, the environmental safety of using these coatings are now in question.
Industrial floor coatings provide a stable, non-broken surface (given the substrate is also hole or crack- free) for staff and products to move on. The coating also serves to protect the substrate from the wear and tear of wheel and foot traffic. Also, the smoother the surface, the faster people and products move. Coatings also provide a sense of order and cleanliness. Brighter coatings also add to the ambient lighting of the workplace. Safety comes into play because industrial floor coatings made from polyurethane or like materials provide sufficient traction to avoid accidents as against ordinary rough concrete/soil floors or overly smooth concrete/tiled flooring. Aside from commercial uses, industrial coatings are also best for gymnasiums and facilities for indoor sports.
However, the use of conventional polyurethane coatings is not without its own hazards. The material, polyurethane, that we've used for decades for industrial floor coatings is not safe in itself. The manufacture of polyurethane, a prime ingredient for industrial coatings involves the use of toxic chemicals known as isocyanates. Normally and preferably, isocyanates lose their toxicity after bonding with the other chemicals that form the polyurethane. They become inert. However, recent studies have shown that not all of the applied isocyanates completely bond with the other ingredients leaving behind what is known as post-reactive isocyanates. These post-reactive isocyanates are present in the fumes the coating generates during application on floors and other surfaces of a building.
Application personnel that lack sufficient protective equipment become susceptible to these fumes. Employees are exposed to these chemicals in minute amounts during their day-to-day interactions with the workplace and the facility's products can become tainted as well. These chemicals also leech into the environment when the coating is disposed for replacement. The effects of isocyanates of the human body include asthma, vomiting, as well as chest and throat irritation. Exposure to large amounts is fatal.
Such dangers then contradict the premise of safety on the use of polyurethane coatings. The risk was not known until recently but floor coatings have remained essential in the industry. Fortunately, new advances in technology has given rise to the manufacture of a non-toxic polyurethane alternative known as green polyurethane. Non-toxic or green polyurethane does not make use of chemically-bonded isocyanates but instead binds its ingredients at the 'nano' or atomic level. The ingredients lock together or intertwine to form an impermeable substance with the same properties as polyurethane.
Modern manufacturing techniques, also ensure that excess toxic chemicals are filtered out from the finished product. Thus choosing green polyurethane over conventional polyurethane renders the premise of safety of using industrial floor coatings complete. As green polyurethane continues to grow in popularity, floor coatings as well as other materials that use polyurethane become safer and the industries that use them can breathe safely.
John Primus is an industrial chemist from Southern California who advocates avoiding toxic industrial floor coatings for non-toxic green solutions like Green Polyurethane. John is a consultant for Hybrid Coating Technologies a Northern California high tech coatings company.
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Advantages of Industrial and Commercial Floor Coatings
Epoxy coatings are used to protect new floors, update old floors, provide an attractive finish without the huge costs, and improve the durability of floors. They are usually used in hospitals and laboratories due to their sanitary yet skid-proof qualities. They also require less maintenance.
Epoxy coatings are commonly used on concrete flooring in commercial and industrial buildings. They are practical and can be decorative. They can actually be applied to both outdoor and indoor surfaces, although more commonly used indoors. They are perfect floor covering because they are hard, efficient, functional, and durable and can last for years of continuous use.
These coatings may also be used on timber, tiles, and metals. Surfaces treated with epoxy coating are expected to be resistant to acid reaction, dust, solvents, gasoline, grease, alkali, and thawing salts. Because of this, epoxy coatings are favored in industrial and commercial settings. Industrial/commercial epoxy coatings can even increase floor reflectivity by as much as three hundred percent.
High reflectivity is important in businesses because this helps them save money and energy because there is less need for additional lighting fixtures. A brighter workplace also makes employees more comfortable as well as encourages them to be more productive.
Epoxy coatings do not harm the environment either. This makes them favorable to people who are conscious about the environment. The coating also helps create a congenial, dust-free, and healthy work atmosphere. In fact, their levels of toxicity is near zero. Their chemical emissions are low; and in case of an accidental damage, they can be easily repaired.
In addition, Industrial/commercial epoxy coatings offer numerous benefits. They protect the floors against wear and tear, degeneration, damage, and chemical corrosion. They help improve the mechanical and physical properties of the floor. They are also economical as a quality of flooring that is inexpensive to purchase.
They can also withstand heavy foot traffic which is inevitable in industrial and commercial buildings. Each day, crowds of people come in and out of these buildings; so the flooring needs to be strong and sturdy in order to stay functional.
Epoxy coatings are also resistant to water and chemical spills. This makes cleanup easier and faster. Furthermore, they are resistant to fire or flame retardant. They can withstand heat up to two hundred degrees Celsius. This makes them ideal for commercial airline products, explosive production, storage areas, and fire escapes, as well.
For more information on concrete flooring, or if you need our concrete services, visit our site at: [http://customconcretefloors.ca/]
Contact us for a free no obligation estimate.
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OSHA Floor striping provides additional function to your floor by communicating critical information throughout the facility. Commonly used in manufacturing, industrial, and warehouse settings, floor striping provides visual cues for changes in the work environment. Lifetime Epoxy Floors will provide you with a custom floor striping layout in permanent or temporary solutions which are available in a variety of colors.
OSHA Safety Guidelines for Floor Marking OSHA standard 1910.22 (Walking-Working Surfaces) covers OSHA’s floor marking safety guidelines and includes the following:
Other OSHA Floor Striping Standards for Compliance
This is a very short and simple OSHA standard. In practical terms what does this mean? It’s plain that if aisles and passageways are not marked, OSHA will issue a citation. But, what type of floor marking is required? OSHA supplied additional information in a clarification letter sent to all area directors. The letter stated:
The following are considered to comply with the requirements for floor marking:
Floor marking can also be used to mark off hazardous areas, leaving all other areas open to foot traffic. The areas marked off by floor marking tape are identified as being “off limits.”
Whichever approach you use, OSHA will expect that employees to be trained to recognize and understand the meaning of the floor marking scheme being used.
Floor Striping Separates Pedestrians From Motorized TrafficWhenever there is a mix of pedestrian and motorized traffic, such as fork lifts, floor marking tape should be used to identify aisles set aside for a specific type of traffic. In a warehouse in which powered industrial trucks (fork lifts) are moving around, and going in and out of rows of storage racks, pedestrian lanes should be clearly marked. All foot traffic must remain within the marked aisles, and forklifts may not enter those pathways except at designated crossing locations.
By Lifetime Epoxy Floors Guest Expert Author: Edward Winslow
There are very few surfaces that get more wear and tear then the factory or warehouse floor. Traditional concrete industrial floors often present many problems. Due to heavy traffic from forklifts, foot traffic, and the hauling and moving of products and machines, floors often cracked and chipped creating uneven surfaces that could lead to workplace hazards. The old porous cement surfaces were also difficult to keep clean. Today, polyaspartic/polyurea coatings have transformed workplace floors into cleaner, safer surfaces that decrease risks and create a more pleasant environment to work in.
Polyaspartic/Polyurea Coatings Fuse onto the Concrete
Technological advances developed a purebred polyurea surface. The prime coat actually soaks into the concrete when it is cured, blending it into the concrete surface. This coating becomes part of the concrete, so it will not chip or peel off due to salts or moisture pressure which is common with epoxy treatments.
Another major difference with this new surface treatment is preparation needed. With the old fashioned epoxy treatments, floors were usually shot blasted which produced high and slow spots. Epoxy often dries unevenly, leaving low areas with a thicker layer and high areas with a thinner layer. Polyurea floors require floor grinding before application. This preparation creates a smooth, flat surface with an even and consistent surface.
Flexibility improves surface performance
Polyurea coatings are engineered to be flexible, unlike epoxy. Old floor coatings often crack above expansion joints and cracks due to their brittle nature. The improved polyurea surfaces have the ability to move slightly over cracks as well as completely fill most cracks. This improvement prevents these imperfections from venting moisture pressure under the surface.
Above and Beyond OSHA Nonslip Guidelines
A nonslip aggregate can be built into each layer of the floor coating. Some surface treatments only have the aggregate built into the top layers, so after a year or so a warehouse or factory floor could become slippery and fall below the legal levels of Coefficient set by OSHA. The advanced floor treatments keep floors safe and may prevent accidents and legal headaches.
Easier to Maintain
Polyurea coatings are also engineered to minimize micro-scratches so that can trap dirt and bacteria. This smoother surface is easier to maintain and doesn't require any special cleaning treatments. Since the floor goes through a grinding procedure before surface application, the floor is even so water doesn't pool in low spots. The floor is faster and easier to clean, which results in a savings in labor costs.
All of these modern innovations result in an industrial floor that lasts longer, is safer, and is easier to maintain.
For more information about application of polyurea coatings on an industrial floor and to learn other options visit http://www.LifetimeEpoxyFloors.com
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Simply put, a point load is a non-uniform load – think the wheels of a cart, or a nail tip sticking out of the bottom of a pallet. All floors have a compressive strength (load per area in pounds per square inch) that the floor can withstand before failing. A surface area significantly smaller than one square inch will take significantly less load to exceed the strength tolerance, making floor protection in this situation vital.
The physical damage and scratches caused by high point loads will appear lighter in color than the surrounding areas. This difference in appearance is mostly due to physics of light scattering over the micro-roughness of the surface within the scratch. Deeper scratches will also appear lighter for this reason, in addition, the gouge will be accentuated due to the aggregate being crushed by the point load. These scratches can also amber over time as the UV stable top coat is damaged, exposing the body coat of the floor.
Let’s look at 3 common causes of point load damage and what you can do to keep this from happening to your resinous floors.
1. Vertical drops of sharp or thin objects Significantly smaller areas can only withstand smaller loads. For example, if a one square inch of floor can withstand a compressive load of 17,500 lbs; while a 1/16” by 1/16” square area (1/256 of a square inch) area can only withstand a compressive load of less than 68 lbs.
When is this likely to happen? Dishwashing areas where utensils, pots, and pans are regularly dropped, or areas where metal tools and knives are regularly handled.
How to prevent it? Place a protective rubber mat in front of dish sinks or at workstations where drops are most likely to happen.
2. Wheels that are too small or damaged Consider a four-wheel cart on small hard wheels, each wheel having about 1/32nd of a square inch contact with the floor surface. If a floor with a 17,500 per square inch compressive load rating of 17,500 psi divided between 4 wheels at 1/32 square inch equals a point load of approximately 137 lbs per wheel. However, if a hard object like a stone is embedded in one of the wheels the point load is greatly magnified in the area of obstruction.
When is this likely to happen? Wheels that are too small for the weight of the cart or have embedded debris in them, think hospital gurneys, supply carts, delivery carts going from outdoors to inside.
How to prevent it? Use large rubber wheels on carts vs. small plastic or metal wheels. When going from areas of high debris such as outdoors roll over a sticky mat or carpet to remove debris. If excessively heavy (example: fully stocked wheeled storage shelving) store on a mat or sheet of plywood to help spread out the point load.
3. Point load applied at an angle Non-compressive point loads applied at an angle with respect to the surface take significantly less force to result in physical damage. The adhesion, tensile and flexural properties of the floor system are lower than its compressive strength. In addition, the force applied is often amplified by mechanical advantage via a combination of the object shape and the angle at which force is applied.
When is this likely to happen? Most commonly seen in manufacturing and warehouse areas, for example, when a pallet with a nail tip sticking out is dragged across the floor surface or the claw of a hammer impacts the floor.
How to prevent it? When moving pallets lift them slightly off the ground using a pallet jack or forklift or use temporary floor protection such as a layer of plastic sheeting or scrap wood.
There you are, the three most common causes of point load damage and what to do to prevent them.
To protect the floor from scratches when moving equipment, the use of temporary floor protection such as boards (or equivalent) is recommended. If using Masonite or plywood, apply a layer of plastic sheeting such as Visqueen (or equivalent) underneath the wood.
For specific compressive, tensile or flexural strength of your flooring system of choice speak to your Technical Services Manager. We’re also available to help you determine the best system for you based on how you use your space on a daily basis.
By Guest Author: Sachin Kumar Airan
You may be searching for the best industrial flooring options that offer all the benefits a commercial establishment floor should offer. You might be searching for the wrong solutions because you may not be aware of innovations in materials for industrial flooring, however. That might leave you considering the traditional commercial flooring options, which may be lacking some aspects you need.
You may consider the durability and non-porous qualities of floor resin options or the shiny look of a urethane concrete floor, but what will the floors look like several months from now? Rubber flooring is not the right option for industrial flooring applications for a number of reasons, even though they offer slip-proof safety for your employees. Tile floors can look stylish, but they can be high maintenance and get slick when wet. Is there an option in industrial flooring that offers everything commercial operations need?
There is an extraordinary flooring product for industrial and commercial applications that is highly durable and offers strong protection. It is hygienic, non-porous, easily wipes clean and there is no-downtime because it cures in less than an hour in temperatures as low as Zero! What's even better is that it offers a safe, anti-slip flooring surface that can withstand forklift traffic or harsh chemical spills and it keeps looking as new as the day it was installed for months and years later. Because it is easy to repair, it offers a long life of easy maintenance. It is industrial flooring that will last the lifetime of your commercial or industrial building. Does it sound too good to be true?
Silikal is a reactive seamless flooring product that contains enhanced MMA, but don't mistake this product for the standard MMA products that are on the market. The Silikal reactive resins are developed, manufactured, sold and installed to the strictest quality standards and environmental standards under ISO guidelines 9001:2000 and ISO 14001:2005. You might not know what the difference is in some products, initially, but you can see the difference several months after they are installed!
When it comes to industrial flooring choices that offer the best protection for your floor and the most benefit to your pocketbook and your employees' safety, Silikal flooring has everything you are looking for. Not only is the easy maintenance and repair more cost effective, but consider the fact that Silikal flooring is the last floor you will ever need for your commercial or industrial building! In addition, your employees are safer, with fewer slip and fall accidents, which might mean lower insurance premiums.
Because it is more sanitary and hygienic, Silikal flooring is better for food processing businesses, but it is non-porous, which means that dirt, water or harsh chemicals can be mopped clean, without damaging the floor surface. Silikal flooring is available in a wide variety of colors and designs, to fit any industrial or commercial application. That means your industrial flooring will be easy to clean, yet still look new for many years, unlike any other flooring choices you might be considering. Silikal flooring will be the last flooring installation you will ever need to worry about purchasing for your industrial or commercial building, so you can see the potential cost savings it has to offer.
Do you know what the numerous benefits of a industrial flooring are for your business? Get the inside scoop now on http://www.silikalamerica.com. Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Sachin_Kumar_Airan/361599Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/4981275
By Mark Housh
In automotive facilities, including dealerships, showrooms and commercial garages, repair centers, aesthetics and functionality can go hand in hand. The first impression of a beautiful shop or showroom floor give a good impression to repeat customers, potential customers, and vendors who may walk through the doors. Good looking floors can also show a clean and organized atmosphere. This can also improve the morale among the employees working in these facilities. Along with aesthetics, it is also imperative that the floors in auto facilities are functional. Besides the obvious foot traffic, these floors must also sustain the wear and tear the vehicles will place on them, and also the machinery and tools that may be dropped on the floor during work.
Epoxy floors are a perfect match for automotive facilities due to their high functionality, great durability, and beautiful appearance. Epoxy floors can also be customized to the client’s desire for a more functional automotive floor to a more decorative look with color chips or quartz aggregate. Epoxy floors can turn an ordinary concrete floor into a perfect complement to shiny and sparkling new vehicles. In addition, epoxy flooring systems offer incredible protection from chemicals, acid, oil, fuel and vehicle traffic that automotive facilities see on a day-to-day basis.
The right epoxy floor can transform an ordinary concrete floor into a luxurious surface with a beautiful finish that can set the tone of the room aesthetically, while also providing the desired functionality and protection. Increase the look of, not only showroom or repair center floor but also your services areas and walkways. NorthCraft offers several epoxy variations to meet the demands of any environment with top notch protection from acid, fuel, oil and the various forms of vehicle traffic that your floor might see. Trust us to outfit your automotive facility with a state of the art, super-efficient epoxy flooring that will both stand the test of time and augment the presentation of your building.
When you select the correct floor coating you can rest assured that it is going to withstand the abuse it will take daily. Depending on what type of area it is we can install different products. Some areas like a lobby that only gets foot traffic doesnt need the same floors as the parts department or the paint booth. In addition to the showroom and public areas of any automotive facility or dealership, epoxy coating systems can be installed in wash bays, body shop and repair areas, spray and paint booths and the automotive parts departments or any concrete floor. Because epoxy floor coatings are beautiful, durable and functional, there is no reason to install different systems throughout the facility. From showroom to work areas, think of NorthCraft recommended automotive epoxy flooring system as a one-stop shop.
Take some time and evaluate your situation and determine how much use and what type of use the floor will take and make appropriate choices when choosing your floor coating in any automotive facility.
Source of this article - https://northcraft-epoxy-floor-coating.com/
Lifetime Epoxy Floors - Boaz, Alabama
You can depend on Lifetime Epoxy Floors of Boaz to provide your manufacturing facility, warehouse, or other service facility with the very best in industrial floor coatings. Lifetime Epoxy Floors has the workforce and equipment to get your industrial floor job done on time and up to your expectations.
Specializing in jobs up to 30,000 Square Feet, the company can provide you with a fast turnaround, quick return to service, and limited down time with crews available to work 24/7. For a free quote, call 1-800-214-4311.
By Robert E Long, Expert Guest Author, Lifetime Epoxy Floors
Urethane mortar floors (a/k/a cementitious urethane flooring or urethane cement flooring) excel over epoxy floor systems in food & beverage plants for many reasons; this USDA accepted flooring material reduces downtime, is durable in hostile environments with thermal shock, and withstands heavy impact and damaging chemical agents. For new construction, urethane concretes can be applied to 10 day old concrete, thus eliminating the typical 28 day wait for curing concrete.
Use of polyurethane cement mortar systems has now surpassed once standard epoxy floor coatings and vinyl ester flooring systems such as Tufco flooring, in these special need environments. Products such as Ucrete, Flowcrete, PurCem, and CastorCrete are gaining substantial market share. Tufco flooring has even developed a urethane mortar floor system. These floors may be found in industrial kitchens at food & beverage processing industries such as meat/poultry, dairy, seafood, bakeries, breweries and all beverage processing. Poultry flooring and brewery flooring endure some of the most severe conditions for industrial flooring. Urethane mortar flooring can even withstand years of hard service in these areas.
Compared to epoxy floors, urethane mortar flooring products have enhanced resistance to impact and abuse from dropped pots, steel parts and utensils in industrial kitchens and food plants. They handle repetitive scraping and scratching better than epoxy, acrylic and competitive systems. They are extremely beneficial in plant areas where steel wheels are used, such as bakeries. Urethane mortar floors are used as waterproof flooring, providing a "bathtub effect" in areas of the plant requiring a waterproof floor. They are non slip when wet, and provide a permanent non slip texture, due to the integral large, hard wearing aggregate, throughout the thickness of the floor system.
Cementitious urethane mortars have a similar modulus of elasticity and thermal coefficient of expansion to that of concrete. When applied over concrete, brick or tile, this prevents delamination when the flooring is stressed due to thermal conditions. These food grade floor materials withstand hot spills and repeated thermal cycling (hot washdowns, steam cleaning, etc.) without breaking down. In addition, moisture and cool temperature tolerance allows for installation on cold (above freezing), damp concrete surfaces, often found in operating food plants.
Cementitious overlays have very little odor, since there are no VOC's. This means that there is no risk to open food products. Urethane concrete mortars can be applied next to fully operational food processing areas, eliminating the need to shut down an operation to resurface the floor. One pass installation with no primer coat required, means that many floor restoration projects can be completed over weekends, with no costly production downtime. Additionally, urethane cement flooring has excellent all around resistance to chemicals used in food & beverage plants.
The most durable urethane mortar floor systems are typically trowelled, and are applied at ¼ to 3/8 inch thickness, and provide a seamless matte finish. These trowel applied urethane mortars have physical properties that are twice that of concrete. Self-leveling "slurry" systems were originally developed for contractors that were not able to install the urethane mortar floors. These systems typically applied a 1/8 to 3/16 inch thickness. They provide a heavy duty surface in areas which require a high gloss, urethane or polyurethane concrete top coat, maximum cleanability, and high aesthetics. Applications consists of screeding, broadcasting with natural quartz aggregate, and top coating. They are available with a novolac epoxy topcoat, which allows for installation in chemical storage areas, with concentrated spillages. These systems may also be finished with colored quartz or vinyl chips.
The original system, Ucrete HF, is an FDA type USDA flooring, USDA approved, trowel applied urethane, and is the original system (has been around for more than 40 years). It has withstood the test of time in the harshest environments. The trowelled ¼ inch system offers the highest level of durability with a lifespan of greater than ten years. The only drawback of urethane mortars, is that they are slightly more expensive upfront, than epoxy; however they offer long term performance and the maximum return on investment.
About the Author: Robert Long, VP of Business Development at EP Floors Corp., has over 25 years of experience in the industrial epoxy flooring business. He attends technical training seminars regularly, on the latest epoxy floor innovations, and has managed over a thousand epoxy and urethane flooring projects. For more information Robert may be reached at 1-800-808-7773 or by email at rlong@EPFloors.com
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By Lifetime Epoxy Floors Guest Author: Al Bornski
Most people do not think about industrial floor coatings. They believe that the product does not relate to them. However, these floors are not limited to industrial environments. You can also use them in your garage. And if you own a business, you can use them at your establishment. Yet, even if the floors are useful, how does a person go about choosing the best ones for their environment? That is where this article comes in.
For retail establishments, there are many businesses that can use industrial floor coatings. Restaurants are one of the first that come to mind, especially in the kitchen area. The floors can also be used in hospitals and virtually any type of manufacturing environment.
Ultimately, if you own a business where sanitation is essential, industrial floor coatings are a must. Note that almost every company could fall into this category, depending on how you think. An office building does not have the same sanitation concerns as a hospital, but if the employees get sick because the floor is dirty, that is something to think about.
In terms of design and material, industrial floors are made of concrete. For paint, the Epoxy variety is used. The reason why is because it contains Cycloaliphatic, a substance that maintains its solid form. As a result, it is a very thick coating. It also dries relatively quickly... around 50 percent faster than traditional paint. Such a feature makes it very useful in garages, where you want immediate access to the flooring.
However, if you are using the floor in a chemical processing plant, you may not want to get the Epoxy version. If acids or other chemicals reach its surface, the floor would be ruined. With that said, you must use a chemical-resistant floor. Urethane is a good choice, as it maintains its structure even after interacting with chemicals.
For any electronic manufacturing plant flooring, you need to get varieties coated with a polymer. With polymers, you can protect against accidental discharge. Just make sure you also get a good conductive system, as that makes polymer flooring more effective. This means you need a way for any static electricity to discharge instead of building up and causing damage to sensitive circuit boards.
In health care, you need floors that are antimicrobial. To find these varieties, look for manufacturers that specialize in hospital flooring. They should be used over other manufacturers, as they will be approved by OSHA and other governmental safety organizations. Products that are not certified may not have the features a hospital needs, including minimal odors and being slip-resistant.
In conclusion, industrial floor coverings cover a variety of situations. Whether you are an ordinary individual who needs flooring in your garage, or the owner of a hospital building, you will be quite pleased with what these floors can do.
For more information on Industrial Floor Coatings and to see how they can be used in your place of business or home, visit us by clicking on the link here.Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Al_Bornski/379391Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6138684